Terminology


Counting

ichi one
ni two
san three
shee four
go five
roku six
sichi seven
hachi eight
ku nine
ju ten

Commands

lei bow
hajime begin
yame stop
mawate change / otherside
seiza kneel / sit
tate stand / vertical
hai yes
eia no
arigato thank you
yoi ready
ooss verbal greeting / understand
Teo Toratte let us cling together

General Terminology

Shindo Way of the Free Spirit
Karate Empty hand
Gi Uniform
Obi Belt
Karateka Student
Joshu Assistant
Sempai Instructor
Sensei Teacher
Hikate Pulling arm
Tatami Training mats
Hidari Left
Migi Right
Shomen Front
Ushiro Back
Yoko Side
Jodan Head / High
Chudan Stomach / Middle
Gedan Groin / Low

 

 

 

Stances

Yoi dachi Ready stance
Heisoku dachi Formal attention stance
Musubi dachi Informal attention stance
Zenkutsu dachi Forward stance
Kokutsu dachi Back stance
Kiba dachi Horse stance
Neko ashi dachi Cat leg stance
Sanchin dachi Hour glass stance
Kamae dachi Fighting stance
Fudo dachi Immovable stance
Hangetsu dachi Half moon stance
Renoji dachi L stance

Blocks

Jodan uke Upper block
Soto uke Outer block
Uchi uke Inner block
Gedan barai uke Lower sweeping block
Shuto uke Knife hand block
Juji uke X block
Morote uke Double arm block (reinforced block)
Haishu uke Back hand block
Age uke Rising block
Otoshi uke Dropping block

Punches and Strikes

Oi zuki Lunge punch
Gyaku zuki Reverse punch
Kizami zuki Jab punch
Uraken uchi Backfist strike
Kentsui uchi Hammer fist strike (Tettsui uchi)
Shuto uchi Knife hand strike
Empi uchi Elbow strike
Haito uchi Ridge hand strike
Heiwan uchi Forearm strike
Hirachen uchi Knuckle strike
Hiza uchi Knee strike (also Hiza geri)
Nukite Spear hand
Teisho uchi Palm heel strike


Kicking (Geri)

Ashi barai Foot sweep
Kin geri Groin kick
Mai geri Front kick
Mawashi geri Roundhouse kick
Yoko geri Side kick
Kagi geri Hook kick
Ushiro geri Back kick
Mikazuki geri Crescent kick
Kakato otoshi geri Axe kick
Nidan geri Double jump kick
Keage Snap kick (added before or after geri)
Kekomi Thrust kick (added before / after geri)
Tobi Jumping kick (added before geri)
Tatsumaki senpuu kyaku Tornado kick

Kata / Forms

Taikyoku First Cause
Heian Peaceful Mind
Tekki Horse / Warrior
Bassai Penetrate the Fortress
Jion Castle

Ranking

10th Kyu No uniform
9th Kyu White belt
8th Kyu Yellow belt
7th Kyu Green belt
6th Kyu blue belt
5th Kyu purple belt
4th Kyu oranage belt
3rd Kyu brown belt
2nd Kyu one black stripe
1st Kyu two black stripe